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If You're Pregnant, Don’t Eat or Drink These 8 Things Slideshow

If You're Pregnant, Don’t Eat or Drink These 8 Things Slideshow

Be especially careful not to consume these things during the holiday season

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Alcohol

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Is it OK to have one drink during the holidays? The American Pregnancy Association emphatically states that there is “NO amount of alcohol that is known to be safe during pregnancy,” and recommends that you avoid it altogether. Consuming excessive alcohol during pregnancy may lead to fetal alcohol syndrome and other neurological defects in babies, and there is simply no consensus on the effects of even a little, so why take a chance?

Caffeinated Coffee and Tea

The medical community is split as to caffeine’s role in a healthy pregnancy. Caffeine is a diuretic, meaning it increases the production of urine, and although the American Pregnancy Association confirms that most studies show moderate caffeine intake to be permissible, there are studies that suggest that caffeine may be a source of miscarriage. As a preventative measure, skip caffeine during the first trimester, and don’t exceed more than 200 milligrams (about one 12-ounce coffee) per day throughout the rest of the pregnancy.

Cookie Dough

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After making a batch of chocolate chip cookies it’s always tempting to lick the spoon, but pregnant women need to resist this urge because the raw egg used in some uncooked cookie dough can contain salmonella. But don’t fret, many cookie-dough ice creams either omit raw egg or use a pasteurized egg base, ensuring its safety.

Eggnog

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Pregnant women need to avoid this classic holiday beverage, even when it doesn't contain alcohol. Homemade eggnog is made with raw eggs, which may or may not be pasteurized. Unpasteurized eggs can carry disease-causing pathogens such as salmonella and campylobacter, which are especially dangerous during a pregnancy. Store-bought eggnog is all right to drink as long as it’s made with pasteurized eggs. Sidestep the added risks of eggnog by purchasing a non-dairy eggnog alternative like “soy nog.” And make sure you only drink the virgin kind — ironically enough.

Fish

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Pregnant women should be wary when it comes to eating certain varieties of seafood. Large, predatory fish that are high up on the food chain often contain high amounts of mercury, which can interfere with infant brain development. The National Resource Defense Council estimates that “more than 75,000 babies are born each year with a greater risk of learning disabilities because of their mother’s mercury exposure.” Species such as marlin, shark, sword fish, and bigeye tuna all contain high levels of mercury, but not all fish are off limits. The Food and Drug Administration says that salmon, shrimp, pollock, tilapia, catfish, and cod are all safe for pregnant women to eat when cooked.

Raw Meat and Seafood

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Uncooked meat and seafood carries a risk of contamination from coliform bacteria, salmonella, and toxoplasmosis, and should therefore be avoided by pregnant women. When dining out, stay clear of any carpaccio (thinly sliced, raw meat), tartare (finely chopped raw meat or fish), or crudo (thinly sliced, raw fish). If craving the freshness and texture of a raw appetizer, try making a vegetarian carpaccio alternative using beets, cucumbers, or tomatoes.

Soft Cheese

The FDA requires that all soft cheeses such as Brie, Camembert, and fontina sold in the United States, whether imported or domestic, be made with pasteurized dairy. The pasteurization process briefly raises the temperature of the milk to a temperature hot enough to kill potentially dangerous bacteria, including E. coli, salmonella, and listeria. Cheeses aged for 60 days or more are exempt from the requirement and pose no danger, even when they're made from raw milk. Because connoisseurs prefer the flavor of unpasteurized cheeses, though, imported soft cheeses made from raw milk sometimes find their way into the U.S. market, by intention or accidentally. It's safest to avoid imported soft cheeses for that reason.

Unwashed Fruits and Vegetables

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A diet rich in fruits and vegetables is essential for a healthy pregnancy, but unwashed produce can be riddled with dangerous bacteria if it’s harvested from contaminated soil. The FDA recommends that pregnant women carefully rinse fruits and vegetables under running water and cut away damaged or bruise areas, which are especially susceptible to bacteria. When shopping, only purchase fresh-squeezed or cold-pressed juices that have been pasteurized or treated with heat to eliminate any potentially harmful bacteria.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.


Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy

Raw meat, fish and eggs can contain harmful germs that can give you food poisoning, like salmonella infection. Cooking them fully kills the germs, which helps keep you and your baby from getting sick.

Many dairy products, like milk, eggs and cheese, are pasteurized. This means they’re heated to kill any bad germs. Look for the word “pasteurized” on labels. If the product label doesn’t say “pasteurized,” pick a different product.

Unpasteurized dairy products can give you food poisoning, like listeriosis. Listeriosis is caused by germs in foods and can cause flu-like symptoms for you or hurt your baby.

Some foods contain chemicals, like caffeine or mercury. You can pass these harmful chemicals to your baby during pregnancy.

Talk to your health care provider if you have any signs or symptoms of food poisoning or if you are worried you may have eaten a food with bacteria like listeriosis.

What foods should you limit during pregnancy?

Not every food is safe to eat during pregnancy. Some foods may be harmful to you or your baby because of the way they’re cooked or because of germs or chemicals they contain.

These foods are OK to eat during pregnancy in limited amounts:

  • Fish that have small amounts of mercury. Mercury is a metal that can harm your baby. Fish get mercury from the water they swim in and from eating other fish that have mercury in them. By eating fish that contain mercury, you can pass the metal to your baby during pregnancy. This can cause brain damage and affect your baby’s hearing and vision. During pregnancy, eat 8 to 12 ounces a week of fish that doesn’t have a lot of mercury, including shrimp, salmon, pollock, catfish and canned light tuna. It’s also OK to eat 6 ounces a week of albacore (white) tuna. If you eat fish, cook it so that the inside temperature is 145 degrees and see if it separates into flakes. Shrimp, lobster and scallops should be milky white. Clams, mussels and oysters should cook until shells open.
  • Food and drinks that have caffeine. Limit the caffeine you get each day to less than 200 milligrams. This is about the amount in 1½ 8-ounce cups of coffee or one 12-ounce cup of coffee. Caffeine amounts in coffee vary a lot and depend on things, like the brand you drink, how it's made and the size of the cup. Not all coffee cups are the same size, even though you think of them as a cup. Check to see how many ounces your cup has, especially if you’re buying a cup of coffee or tea. Instead of drinking regular coffee, try coffee that's decaffeinated (has a small amount of caffeine). Caffeine also is found in tea, energy drinks, chocolate, soda and some over-the-counter medicine. Read labels on food, drinks and medicine to know how much caffeine you're getting.

What foods are completely off limits during pregnancy?

Don’t eat these foods during pregnancy. They can be really harmful to you and your baby.